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THE YEAR 1970
“To close with the enemy by means of fire
and maneuver in order to destroy or capture him,
or to repel his assault by fire, close combat and counterattack.”
FromLate October 1969 – January, 1/12th conducted intensive search and destroy missions in the An Lao Valley screening enemy infiltration and resupply routes. These operations were conducted in three months of monsoon season.
07 January (Wednesday) The division base camp went on an alert status in conjunction with an enemy mortar attack on Camp Holloway, BCompany, 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry was airlifted - to AR796466 to aid inthe defense of Camp Holloway.
10 January (Saturday) The Base Camp Reaction Platoon workingwith C Company, 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry captured 15 detainees duringa search of four villages (AR~778430, AR773418, AR813534, and AR785443
16 January (Friday) Battalion comes into Ah Khe for a 3 day stand down (Hopkins:001)
18 January (Sunday): The battalion initiates Operation Putnam Power (Dilkes:269). 1/12th was directed to establish FSB “Sheridan” and combat assault (CA) the rifle companies into multiple LZs in southern BA 226 to locate and destroy enemy forces and facilities. (Hopkins:001)
20 - 21January: (Tuesday) battalion began the combat assault north of An Khe. On the first day, an insertion was attempted by Co A. The LZ was too hot and the air commander, “Ghost Rider” called off the air insertion over the objections of the battalion commander. Co C and D remained in An Khe another night. The battalion successfully inserted the remaining companies into separate LZs the next day January 21. Rifle companies were directed to break down in platoon-size units, conduct reconnaissance in force operations and send out nightly ambushes for the next ten days.(Hopkins:001)
23 January (Friday): Private Terrence Folsom of Delta Company is killed by enemy small arms sniper fire (Arnold KIA records, Dilkes:269).The 2d and 3d platoons were co-located in a perimeter and directed to send a patrol about a thousand meters away to pick up mail from the Company CP which co-located in a perimeter with 1st platoon. A joint six-man patrol was moving down a jungle trail when a sniper opened up with an AK-47 and fled. (Hopkins:001)
24 January (Saturday)Co D command group was hit with three RPGs as they stopped moving in an open field on the side of a mountain. Seven soldiers were wounded. Following the RPG attack, the battalion commander searched for the sniper at tree-top level in a LOH, and took enemy small arms fire. Later, an airstrike was called in to the area. (Hopkins:001)
28 January, (Sunday) C Company, 1st Battalion, 12t h Infantry destroyed seven huts and captured 2500 lb s of rice
29 January (Thursday): Co D became attached to the 1/69th Armor Battalion along Highway 19. Armor units were experiencing frequent night attacks on their bridge sites. Co D set up on the three key bridges at night to add additional protection for the armor units pulling security on these sites. During the day, the infantry conducted patrols of the AO. LZ “Scheuller” was used as a company CP and to provide logistics to platoons along the road. This mission lasted ten days. Soldiers of Co D enjoyed the armor lifestyle…daily hot food and iced beer/soda. (Hopkins:002)
Summary: 1 Feb-30 April. 2d Brigade “Highlanders” continued search and destroy missions in Base Area 226 and route/bridge security along Highway 19. In early February, the brigade AO shifted from Base Area 226, where one battalion remained in the current AO, one was north of LZ “Action” and one battalion northeast of Camp Radcliff. In this three-month period, every company in 1/12th also found extensive enemy caches while conducting patrols during this period of time. (Hopkins:002)
TET holiday - February 6-10
February (general) Delta Company attached to 1/69th Armor Feb. & April at LZ Shueller at location BR 367-458 (Hopkins:001)
1 February (Sunday) 3A/1-12 received 20 rounds of small arms fire resulting in three U.S. WIA
2 February (Monday): Fire Support Base Warrior is established north of Highway 19 in the An Khe area (Dilkes:270).
4 February (Wednesday) C/1-12 observed two NVA/VC, they engaged them with small arms fire resulting in one NVA WIA with and SKS. (Hopkins:003)
5 February (Thursday) Co D returned to battalion control. 2C/1-12 observed/engaged and wounded one NVA.(Hopkins:003)
The 1970 Tet holiday period was 6-10 February
9 February (Monday) Delta patrols north of An-Khe and finds village with only small animals in it. (Hopkins:003)
11 February (approximate Date) After TET, 1/12th moves to an area of operations vicinity of LZ Toughie, NE of An Khe. (4th Div Operational Report ending 30 April: 018)
15 February (Sunday): FSB Warrior was attacked at night by members of the 407th Sapper Battalion.. During the day, numerous soldiers came from the division rear to participate in a change of command scheduled for the next day on the fire base. This significantly increased the population on the fire base prior to the attack. Wounded included Specialist Fourth Class Dennis Roupe, Co B, Sergeant Ronald Squires, Co C and Specialist Fourth Class Wayne Zach, Co B and Specialist Fourth Class Daniel Swiercz, B Btry, 4/42d FA. The battalion XO was also wounded. Two 105mm howitzers and one 81mm mortar were damaged. Two NVA were KIA. One B-40 rocket launcher with three rounds, satchel charges and ChiCom grenades were found. (Hopkins:003)
16 February (Monday) D/1-12 was occupying FSB “Toughy” which received enemy small arms fire resulting in one U.S. WIA and one Kit Carson Scout WIA. (Hopkins:003)
18 February (Wednesday) Delta Company provides assistance to Help build FSB Toughie at location BR 553-680. 2C/1-12 received enemy small arms fire resulting in five U.S. WIAs. ( Hopkins:003)
22 February (Sunday) Enemy ammunition cache found (OP Report: 004)
23 February (Monday): Specialist Fourth Class Albert Maldonado-Lluberas of Charlie Company and Specialist Fourth Class Wayne Zach of Bravo Company are killed by enemy small arms fire (Arnold KIA records). An ambush with Co D killed one NVA with an AK-47.(Hopkins: 004)
25 February (Sunday): Sergeant Chad Charlesworth of Delta Company is killed by enemy small arms fire (Arnold KIA records). Another soldier was wounded in the action. At the time of the incident, the platoon was taking a break from patrolling and the two men were providing security. (Hopkins: 004)
26 February (Monday) 1A/1-12 received small arms fire. One U.S. WIA (Hopkins: 004)
27 February (Tuesday) Enemy ammunition cache found, this, plus cache discovered on 22 Feb total 151 recoilless Rifle rounds, 381 mortar rounds, 180 RPG, rounds, 6 rounds of B40, 6 rounds of 122mm rocket and over 100,000 rounds of ammunition. (4th Div Operational Report ending 30 April: 004) Found 10 miles north of An Khe. Two Chinooks took cache out by sling. (Hopkins:004)
Summary: During this month, the battalion began using stay behind forces as fire bases were closed to engage enemy that came into the locations to find equipment left by Americans. Companies also began to booby trap their trash piles with grenades following resupply days. Both tactical concepts produced results in dead/wounded enemy. (Hopkins:004)
10 March,(Tuesday) 2C/1-12 received enemy sniper fire. One U.S. WIA (Hopkins:004)
11 March Operation Earhart White, a division level operation employing the 1st and 2nd Brigades targeting against elements of the 3d NVA Division vicinity of the Dak Som River Valley begins. (4th Div Operational Report ending 30 April: 018)
March 11-18 Five battalions of 1st and 2d Brigade conducted a cordon operation (Operation “Earhart White”) forming a circle around a valley. The objective was to destroy elements of the 3d NVA division. Three battalions moved into the area overland and two battalions landed on mountain tops above the valley. With the element of surprise lost by the day-long CAs, few enemy were found as battalions swept down into the valley and units were directed to move back up the mountains for extraction. During the night, several NVA/VC slipped through the brigade cordon so, units were directed to again sweep again down in to the valley. Ultimately, no NVA/VC were located in the second sweep. However, on 13 March, the Commander, Co D and his RTO (1-12th) were wounded by a grenade booby trap while moving down the same trail for the second time in the operation. 2/35th in sweeping the valley floor, found a large NVA surgical complex with extensive equipment. The lesson learned from this divisional operations was to ensure a valid target exists before expending so many resources. (Hopkins:004)
16 March (Monday) the battalion operated out of FSB “Niagara” with companies conducting search missions in the mountains. Units returned to An Khe for approximately seven days of training. Rumors began to circulate during this time that the 4th Division would be returning to the states. These rumors would continue to circulate for the next six months.(Hopkins:004&005)
25 March (Wednesday): Specialist Fourth Class Thomas Padilla of Charlie Company is killed in enemy action (Arnold KIA records).
28 March (Saturday) 3C/1-12 was conducting an ambush and received small arms fire. One NVA was KIA with an AK-47. Minutes later, Co C engaged another NVA who was WIA also with an AK-47 (Hopkins:005)
1-9 April: Delta Company is OPCON to the 1/69th Armor Battalion for the first 10 days of the month and working platoon size patrols north of Highway 19 with the purpose to ambush NVA/VC moving in to mine the highway (Hopkins:005)
2 April 1C/1-12 observed two NVA. Resulted in one NVA KIA with an AK-47. (Hopkins:005)
7 April: 1/12th is placed under Division control to provide a six hour ready reaction force due to the rapidly changing enemy situation in the vicinity of Dak Seang. (4th Div Operational Report ending 30 April: 019)
9 April: Sapper attack destroys many choppers at Base Camp Radcliff. (Hopkins:002)
10 April: Delta company returns to AnKh to set up night perimeter defense around the airfield (The Golf Course) to protect divisional helicopters. (Hopkins: 005)
May - The division entered Cambodia as part of Operation Binh Tay
2 May (Saturday) Co D was initially at FSB Aquarius, north of An Khe. The company moved out to patrol the next couple of days. (Hopkins: 006)
4 - 5 May (Monday-Tuesday) the battalion directed all companies to move as rapidly as possible to An Khe. This was the beginning of the Cambodian invasion. The battalion trucked by convoys to FSB “Oasis” for further air assaults into Cambodia. The 1/12th was originally scheduled to air assault on 6 May (D-day plus 1) following 1st Brigade. The 4th Division began preparations to deploy six battalions into Base Area 702. This enemy area was due west of Plieku. First Brigade would consist of 3/506th, 3/8th and 1/14th Infantry battalions. The 3/506th, from the 101st Division, had been attached to the first brigade on 24 April for their normal operations in Viet Nam. The 2d Brigade included 1/12th, 1/22th and 2/35th Infantry battalions. A key objective for the brigade was to find the location of the 24th NVA Regimental headquarters. Some 120 troop-carrying helicopters (slicks), plus gunships from nearly a dozen helicopter companies, as well as three companies of Chinook helicopters and one company of Skycranes would be used to support the 4th Division’s and brigade/battalion movements. For this massive air assault, the plan called for each single battalion to be inserted in one single lift. (Hopkins: 007)
5 May (Tuesday) 3/506th began their insertion. LZs were heavily prep’ed by Tac air and B-52 strikes. However, as it turned out later these prepatory efforts were ineffective. The lead companies of the 1st Brigade received extremely heavy fire from small arms, .51 caliber machineguns and 12.7mm anti-aircraft guns on their primary LZs. After attempting to use alternate LZs much of the first day, their assault was aborted. Later in the day, the 1/14th and 3/8th assaults were also aborted/cancelled. This delayed all other 4th Division battalions one full day and threw the entire time schedule off. (Hopkins: 007
)6 May (Wednesday) Delta Company departs LZ Oasis into Cambodia.1st Brigade units successfully entered Cambodia. The 2d Brigade was rescheduled to enter Cambodia with 48 helicopters. The order for their insertion was 2/35th, 1/22th and 1/12th. The order for 1/12th was Companies A, C, D and B. Co D was ordered to provide fire base security while the other companies rapidly moved out on search and destroy missions within the area of operations. (Hopkins Records:007)
7 May (Thursday): air assault operations had just been postponed about 1700 and units were moving back to the fire base. Suddenly, one single helicopter landed in front of the 1/12th commander and the pilot ran to talk to him. The pilot reported one helicopter carrying men in the 81mm Mortar Section of Co A crashed in the jungle at 1705 hours. After a quick conversation by several commanders, the Acting Commander, Co D was directed to identify one platoon to immediately load aircraft and secure the downed helicopter. Objecting to splitting his company in the middle of the invasion, the company commander reluctantly identified the 3d platoon. This 13-man platoon reached the helicopter just before dusk, secured the area (did not know what country they were in at the time), stayed on the ground for two days with no communications or any fire support from anyone, loaded out the dead and ultimately were extracted by air to the battalion FSB. (Hopkins: 007) Private First Class Richard Barber; Specialists Fourth Class Wayne Bebo and Arthur Kangas; and Sergeant John McCarthy of Alpha Company die in a helicopter crash (Arnold KIA records).
8 May (Friday) Co C moved out of FSB Invasion and found seven hooches with clothes, rice.(Hopkins: 007)
9 May (Saturday) Co C found fifteen large hooches and thirty bunkers, each with 2 ½ feet of overhead cover. Along with finding two tons of rice, some weapons and equipment, they also found five pounds of enemy documents. The complex was burned/destroyed. Later in the day, Co C found an enemy way station (resting point) with six more hootches. (Hopkins: 008)
10 May (Sunday) Co C spotted smoke coming from the jungle. They called in artillery and air support and later found a small hootch complex. (Hopkins: 008)
11 May (Monday): Specialist Fourth Class James Olson of Charlie Company is killed in enemy action (Arnold: KIA records). 1/12th relocated from FSB Invasion to establish FSB “Comanache.” Co A led the air movement. Co D continued providing fire base security. The 1/12th (-) was also placed under the operational control of 1st Brigade who were constantly finding numerous caches and making increasingly more contacts with enemy elements in their AO. Co C would remain in the original 2d Brigade area of operations attached to 1/22d Infantry battalion. While in the middle of moving fire bases, with half of the artillery battery moved and all their ammunition packed in boxes for sling loading, they received a fire mission for Co B. In approximately 30 minutes, using nearly all Co D troops, 150 artillery rounds were unboxed and successfully fired in support of the contact.. At 0815, Co C had an ambush team returning to their perimeter that came under fire by an estimated 5-10 NVA and two company soldiers were wounded during the contact. The enemy initially broke contact with the patrol. However, as the 1st Platoon immediately responded in support of the patrol it became pinned down by an unknown size enemy force. 3d Platoon responded in support and artillery was called in. The enemy again withdrew. A sweep found two NVA killed and several blood trails. Two Co C soldiers were killed during the sweep. Sp4 James R. Olson by a sniper in a spider hole and John A. Verno (medic) during a barrage of small arms fire. Following this contact, Co C continued to move down a trail network where they found four hooches with 500 pounds of rice, and another four other hooches with bunkers hit by B-52s and six NVA dead with rucksacks and other equipment. (Hopkins: 008& 009)
12 May (Wednesday): Sergeant Thomas Sherry and Specialists Troy Flint and Robert Thompson of Bravo Company are killed in enemy action (Arnold KIA records). Co C returned under control of 1/12th Infantry Battalion. On the afternoon of 12 May around 1620, Co B moved across an open area, stopped for a leaders’ meeting and then began separate platoon moves toward an eventual night defensive position (NDP). Within 30 minutes, 1st Squad, 1st Platoon walked into an enemy ambush of 5-7 NVA approximately 50-70 meters to their front. The squad’s point man, SP4 Robert Thompson’s immediate reaction saved the squad. However, he was instantly killed by the enemy fire. The rest of 1st Platoon responded to reinforce the squad. A short time later, the remainder of Co Be began to sweep the suspected enemy location. Although the enemy broke contact, they returned to within 40-50 meters and opened fire again wounding another Co B soldier (SP4 Troy L. Flint). The enemy effectively caught Co B in a cross fire of machineguns while also attempting to flank the company from three sides simultaneously. Twenty or more enemy with a third machinegun cut off the company CP group from 1st and 3d Platoons. During the height of the firefight, SP4 Keith Franklin (a medic) responded to aid SP4 Flint. Franklin was cut down by the deadly enemy fire and Flint also died. By 0150 hours, and in the dark Co B’s platoons continued to successfully regroup as one force in spite of the enemy’s counter moves. As 3d Platoon maneuvered against the enemy, SGT Thomas Sherry was also mortally wounded. Beginning at 1800, Co A began to move to reinforce Co B however as darkness arrived, they were directed to establish a perimeter within 300 meters of Co B and later told to return to their original position as the situation was stabilized and under control. (Hopkins: 009)
13 May (Wednesday) Co C found two abandoned villages with 24 hootches and 21 bunkers(Hopkins: 009)
14 May (Thursday): While searching for huts and a possible cache in Cambodia, Sergeants Silvestre Rivera and Leroy Wallace, and Private First Class Thomas Petela of Alpha Company are killed in an enemy ambush by small arms fire. Approximately 30 men are wounded in this same engagement, including Privates First Class Luther Edwards of 3rd Platoon and Londell Thompson of 2nd Platoon (Arnold KIA records, Hodo).
16 May (Saturday) The battalion was relocated by truck convoy back to An Khe. They remained on stand down for five days.
24 May (Sunday) The battalion returned to the “bush.” The monsoon season was beginning.
31 May (Sunday) 1D/1-12 captured a POW that led them to six hootches and two caves. One female was captured/evacuated. (Hopkins: 010)
June was a monsoon period
5 June (Friday): Camp Radcliff is hit with an enemy rocket attack that lasts one-and-a-half hours (Theis).
9 June (Tuesday) D/1-12 observed 8-9 NVA/VC in a bunker complex and engaged them with small arms fire. One women was KIA, one women WIA (later died) and one child was evacuated. (Hopkins: 010)
10 June (Wednesday) C/1-12 observed one NVA/VC who fired several rounds and wounded a scout dog. (Hopkins: 010)
11 June (Thursday) C/1-12 observed six NVA/VC and engaged them with small arms. Six enemy rucksacks were found, one with a bundle of unopened mail (Hopkins: 010)
13 June (Saturday) 2C/1-12 observed one NVA from an ambush position along a trail. One NVA KIA with an AK-47 (Hopkins: 010)
18 June (Thursday) B/1-12 captured two Montagnards men, one women and two childrene receives two mortar rounds. No injuries are reported (Hopkins: 010)
19 June, (Friday) 3B/1-12 engaged three NVA. One NVA was KIA and one U.S. WIA (Hopkins: 010)
22 June, (Monday) 3C/1-12 observed and engaged four NVA resulting in a blood trail. (Hopkins: 010)23 June (Tuesday) enemy engaged with a blood trail found. (Hopkins: 010)
24 June (Wednesday): Two rockets strike the helicopter landing pad at Camp Radcliff. There is no damage, and no injuries are reported (Theis).
29 June (Monday), 1C/1-12 engaged one NVA. Resulting in one enemy KIA (Hopkins: 010)
Summary; Co D is in Fire Base “Ute.” Co B is still at Camp Radcliff where they kill two VC attempting to penetrate the wire perimeter
4 July (Saturday): Delta Company is in Fire Support Base Ute, receives an issue of new ammunition, and conducts a “mad minute” to burn up the old small arms ammo. Bravo Company is still at Camp Radcliff where they kill two Viet Cong attempting to penetrate the wire perimeter (Theis).
6 July, (Monday) 3D/1-12 was ambushed by an undetermined size enemy force. The first three men on point all took AK-47 rounds into their equipment (rucks, radio, and side of one helmet). During the fire fight, artillery was called in on the suspected enemy location. There were no known casualties. (Hopkins: 010)
10 July (Friday) D/1-12 received 8-10 rounds of enemy 60mm mortar fire. No casualties. (Hopkins: 010)
12 July (Sunday) , D/1-12 observed seven NVA, engaged with gunships. No results. (Hopkins: 010)
13 July (Monday) 3D/1-12 received small arms fire, no casualties, sweep of the area revealed nothing.(Hopkins: 010)
15 July (Wednesday) D/1-12 received five enemy 60mm mortar rounds, no casualties. (Hopkins: 010)
16 July (Thursday): Delta Company is in Fire Support Base Ute when they receive two rounds of 81mm mortar fire. There are two casualties, one is a battalion cook with a head wound, and the other is from the attached 105mm howitzer battery (Theis).
19 July (Sunday) 3A/1-12 observed three NVA. Enemy were engaged and two rucksacks found. (Hopkins: 011)
23 July (Thursday): Delta Company is still in Fire Support Base Ute where they receive several dog teams with handlers (Theis). 2A/1-12 observed an engaged one NVA. Result was one NVA KIA with an AK-47 (Hopkins: 011)
25 July (Saturday) 3C/1-12 observed three NVA on a trail and engaged them with small arms fire. One NVA was KIA and the Montagnards point man was KIA. (Hopkins: 011)
26 July (Sudnay) B/1-12 had a Gladiator helicopter crash into their PZ resulting in seven U.S. injured. (Hopkins: 011)
30 July (Thursday): Sergeant Stephen Rushing of Bravo Company is killed by enemy small arms fire (Arnold KIA records).
5 August (Wednesday): Alpha Company departs Fire Support Base Augusta; Delta Company moves in (Theis).
9 August (Sunday) 1/12th was moved into Camp Radcliff to prepare and refit for five to six days prior to a special divisional mission, directed by I Field Force HQ. The battalion was to fly by C-130 aircraft, off-load into a large media event at Tuy Hoa, and begin tactical operations in Phu Yen Providence for a two-month period. The official mission involved operating with local territorial forces in combined operations. The “unofficial” mission was to embarrass the ROK Division by sending an American unit into their AO. The ROKs had been staying on their mountain top base camps and not conducting operations throughout their AO form months. The media event was to influence the ROKs to increase their operations. While on stand down, the 1/12th soldiers all received new jungle fatigues, new helmet covers, new boots and other new equipment so as to look “good” for the media event. In addition, MACV advisors were brought in to brief companies on operating in a low land area. Ultimately, the ROK Division expressed a reluctance to give up territory within their AO for American operations. The 1-12th returned to operations north of An Khe….and much of the new stuff had to be returned? (Hopkins: 011)
16 August (Sunday): Delta Company is alerted to prepare to move from Fire Support Base Ute to Cam Ranh Bay for a “stand-down” (Theis).
20 August (Thursday): Delta Company sends Specialist Fourth Class Michael Theis to An-Khe for Sniper School. The training course will be three weeks long, 8/20/70 to 9/9/70 (Theis).
21 August OPCON to 173rd at FSB Uplift, probably entire battalion, Delta Company for sure. (Bruce Hopkins Records)
5 September (Saturday) 2d Brigade relocated to LZ “Uplift”, along the coast, to conduct Operation “Putnam Paragon” in Base Area 226. (Hopkins: 012)
8 September (Tuesday): Private First Class Kenneth Nolen of Bravo Company is killed by enemy small arms fire (Arnold KIA records).
22 September (Tuesday): Private First Class Michael Gambino of Bravo Company is killed by enemy indirect fire (Arnold KIA records).
23 September (Wednesday): Private First Class Hiram Edenton Jr. and Sergeant Robert Riveria of Alpha Company are killed by enemy indirect fire (Arnold KIA records).
25 September (Friday): Delta Company is fired upon by an ARVN unit and returns fire. One ARVN is KIA; there are no casualties in Delta Company. The company had been directed to search for a downed ARVN helicopter and walked into the crew who fired a machinegun at the patrol. Once the two forces identified the other, the helicopter was extracted from the jungle LZ. (Hopkins: 012)
26 September (Saturday): First Lieutenant Joseph Silva, Sergeant John Buescher, and Private First Class John Ogrizek of Echo Company’s Recon Platoon are killed when they accidentally trip/set off their own mechanical ambush (M-18 Claymore mines) as they attempt to disarm and recover the mines (Arnold KIA records, Theis).
5 October (Monday) D/1-12 returned to Radcliff for training and to assume the mission of the Division reserve/reaction force. (Hopkins: 012)
10 October (Sunday): 4th Division is ordered to begin preparations to “stand down.” Companies are to turn in all equipment and return their colors to CONUS. The companies pull bunker guard on the division perimeter as the turn-in occurs. During this timeframe, Camp Radcliff was caught in a typhoon, completely flooded and men had to use air mattresses to reach the bunkers. (Hopkins: 012)
12 October (Monday): Private Casey Perry of Bravo Company is killed by enemy small arms fire (Arnold KIA records).
17 October (Saturday): Specialist Fourth Class Wilbert Jones and Benton Williamson of Charlie Company are killed in an enemy rocket attack (Arnold KIA records).
31 October (Saturday): The battalion ceases all combat operations.
3 November (Tuesday): The battalion conducts a final parade and awards ceremony at Camp Radcliff.
8 November (Sunday): Delta Company is alerted to prepare to move to Cam Ranh Bay for the turn-in of their equipment, and that the 4th Infantry Division is returning to Conus.
11 November (Wednesday): Specialist Fourth Class Francis Bunk, Headquarters Company mess section, is killed in an enemy mortar attack on Camp Radcliff. He is the last Red Warrior to die in Vietnam (Arnold KIA records).
This diary is still being compiled.
. Please Contact Del Willenbecher on how to send copies of any reports, documents, orders, manuscripts, letters, recollections, or pictures.